It is everyone’s responsibility to apply and disseminate the diagnostic, prevention, control, and treatment measures established for each pathogen in order to ensure a One Health approach, where the health of humans, animals and the care of the environment is treated jointly.
Veterinarians are also responsible in the task of guaranteeing food safety throughout the production chain and keeping a “farm-to-table” control given the alterations that zoonoses can cause in animal production.
The omnivorous diet does not restrict any type of food, including those of animal origin. According to Statista, in 2018 73% of the Spanish population followed this type of diet, so a control of food safety is more than essential (however, although only 0.1% of the population was included in this category , it would be just as important).
Most foodborne infections are caused by zoonoses through the consumption of food or water contaminated with a bacterium, its toxins, or a parasite.
Protecting animals from diseases is a priority to preserve their well-being and that of society.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a problem for the control and eradication of zoonosis. AMR occurrs when bacteria, fungi and parasites change over time and the medications are no longer effective. Extensive use of antibiotics increases the likelihood that new strains of drug-resistant zoonotic pathogens will emerge that can spread between human and animal populations.
Thus, new ways of treating animal diseases are continuously being investigated, as well as the causes of their appearance to avoid future pandemics.
Prevention is better than cure, and the first involves vaccination, an effective and nutritive diet, rigorous biosecurity measures and following the guidelines given by the authorities for each pathogen.
Image: Zoonoses prevention and control tools